L’ILARA, l’institut des langues rares, est un centre de formation et un centre d’expertise et de ressources sur les langues rares. Il propose de façon souple des formations innovantes et variées à des langues qui, selon les cas, sont peu décrites, peu enseignées ou peu parlées, parfois en danger d’extinction, ou déjà éteintes. Il établit un pont entre les langues anciennes, documentées uniquement par l’écrit, et les langues à tradition orale, dont la documentation comporte une dimension audio-visuelle.

ILARA, the Institute for rare languages, is a center for training in, expertise on and resources about languages that are rarely studied in a university setting. It offers flexible and innovative courses for such languages, which have either been seldom described or taught in past scholarship, or are now in danger of extinction (some are already extinct), or both. The Institute thus builds a bridge between the study of ancient languages (documented only in writing), and of those languages which possess an extant oral tradition (the documentation of these latter thus includes an audio-visual dimension).

Tout juste paru, un ouvrage sur les langues du Proche-Orient ancien


A Companion to Ancient Near Eastern Languages
Rebecca Hasselbach-Andee (Editor)
ISBN: 978-1-119-19380-7
Wiley-Blackwell 560 Pages
Hardback  $210.00


Covers the major languages, language families, and writing systems
attested in the Ancient Near East

Filled with enlightening chapters by noted experts in the field, this
book introduces Ancient Near Eastern (ANE) languages and language
families used during the time period of roughly 3200 BCE to the second
century CE in the areas of Egypt, the Levant, eastern Anatolia,
Mesopotamia, and Iran. In addition to providing grammatical sketches
of the respective languages, the book focuses on socio-linguistic
questions such as language contact, diglossia, the development of
literary standard languages, and the development of diplomatic
languages or “linguae francae.” It also addresses the interaction of
Ancient Near Eastern languages with each other and their roles within
the political and cultural systems of ANE societies.

Presented in five parts, The Companion to Ancient Near Eastern
Languages provides readers with in-depth chapter coverage of the
writing systems of ANE, starting with their decipherment. It looks at
the emergence of cuneiform writing; the development of Egyptian
writing in the fourth and early third millennium BCI; and the
emergence of alphabetic scripts. The book also covers many of the
individual languages themselves, including Sumerian, Egyptian,
Akkadian, Hittite, Pre- and Post-Exilic Hebrew, Phoenician, Ancient
South Arabian, and more.

List of Illustrations ix
List of Tables xi
Notes on Contributors xv
Preface xix

Part I Writing Systems 1
1 The Decipherment of Ancient Near Eastern Languages 3
Peter T. Daniels

2 The Emergence of Cuneiform Writing 27
Christopher Woods

3 The Development of Egyptian Writing in the Fourth and Early Third
Millennium bce 47
Ludwig Morenz

4 The Emergence of Alphabetic Scripts 65
Christopher Rollston

Part II Ancient Near Eastern Languages 83
5 Sumerian 85
Piotr Michalowski

6 Egyptian 107
Matthias Muller

7 Akkadian 129
Rebecca Hasselbach‐Andee

8 Eblaite 149
Amalia Catagnoti

9 Elamite 163
Jan Tavernier

10 Amorite 185
Viktor Golinets

11 Hurrian 203
Dennis R.M. Campbell

12 Hittite 221
Ilya Yakubovich

13 Luwian 239
Craig Melchert

14 Ugaritic 257
Robert Hawley

15 Ancient Hebrew 279
Seth Sanders

16 Phoenician and Punic 297
Francoise Briquel Chatonnet and Robert Hawley

17 Old and Imperial Aramaic 319
Christian Stadel

18 Ancient South Arabian 337
Peter Stein

Part III Ancient Near Eastern Languages Used as Administrative
Languages or Linguae Francae 355
19 Akkadian as a Lingua Franca 357
Juan Pablo Vita

20 Aramaic as Lingua Franca 373
Margaretha Folmer

Part IV Language Contact in the Ancient Near East 401

21 Sumerian and Akkadian Language Contact 403
C. Jay Crisostomo

22 Language Contact of Ancient Egyptian with Semitic and Other Near
Eastern Languages 421
Thomas Schneider

23 Hebrew and Aramaic in Contact 439
Aaron Koller

24 Multilingualism and Diglossia in the Ancient Near East 457
Rebecca Hasselbach‐Andee

Part V The Development of Literary Languages and Literary Contact 471
25 Standard Babylonian 473
Christian W. Hess

26 Standardization in Egyptian 489
Antonio Loprieno

27 The “Influence” of Sumerian on Hittite Literature 505
Mark Weeden

28 Ancient Near Eastern Literary Influences on Hebrew Literature and
the Hebrew Bible 521
Michael Wingert

Index 537